The RNGs and distributions functions can also be used from C++ at various levels of abstraction. Technically there are three ways to make use of dqrng at the C++ level:

• use // [[Rcpp::depends(dqrng)]] together with Rcpp::sourceCpp()
• use Rcpp::cppFunction(depends = "dqrng", ...)
• use an R package with LinkingTo: dqrng

The following functions are also available if you include dqrng.h.

## Setting seed and RNG type

void dqrng::dqset_seed(Rcpp::IntegerVector seed,
Rcpp::Nullable<Rcpp::IntegerVector> stream = R_NilValue)
void dqrng::dqRNGkind(std::string kind, const std::string& normal_kind = "ignored")
seed
seed for the RNG; length 1 or 2
stream
RNG stream to use; length 1 or 2
kind
string specifying the RNG, One of “pcg64”, “Xoroshiro128+”, “Xoroshiro128++”, “Xoshiro256+”, “Xoshiro256++” or “Threefry”
normal-kind
ignored; included for compatibility with RNGkind

## Random variates with uniform distribution

Rcpp::NumericVector dqrng::dqrunif(size_t n, double min = 0.0, double max = 1.0)
double dqrng::runif(double min = 0.0, double max = 1.0)
n
number of observations
min
lower limit of the uniform distribution
max
upper limit of the uniform distribution

## Random variates with normal distribution

Rcpp::NumericVector dqrng::dqrnorm(size_t n, double mean = 0.0, double sd = 1.0)
double dqrng::rnorm(double mean = 0.0, double sd = 1.0)
n
number of observations
mean
mean value of the normal distribution
sd
standard deviation of the normal distribution

## Random variates with exponential distribution

Rcpp::NumericVector dqrng::dqrexp(size_t n, double rate = 1.0)
double dqrng::rexp(double rate = 1.0)
n
number of observations
rate
rate of the exponential distribution

## Random sampling

Rcpp::IntegerVector dqrng::dqsample_int(int n, int size, bool replace = false,
Rcpp::Nullable<Rcpp::NumericVector> probs = R_NilValue,
int offset = 0)
Rcpp::NumericVector dqrng::dqsample_num(double n, double size, bool replace = false,
Rcpp::Nullable<Rcpp::NumericVector> probs = R_NilValue,
int offset = 0)
n
a positive number, the number of items to choose from
size
a non-negative number giving the number of items to choose
replace
should sampling be with replacement?
prob
a vector of probability weights for obtaining the elements of the vector being sampled (currently ignored)
offset
sample from range [offset, offset + m)

The two functions are used for “normal” and “long-vector” support in R.